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History of Lamps

The tribal people of India could not reap the benefit of independence even after the end of the third Five-year Plan and continued to be poor, downtrodden and illiterate with very little opportunities for improvement and joining the mainstream. In spite of having rich cultural heritage, they could not attain economic independence. During this time, Govt. of India initiated 6 pilot projects each at the cost of Rs.1.5 crores and Rs.0.5 crore for development of roads and other infrastructure in 4 States viz. Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Orissa and Madhya Pradesh with considerable density of tribal population. On 03-12-1971 a committee headed by the Joint Secretary, Co-operation Department, Sri K.S Bawa with four other members was constituted by the Agriculture Deptt. Of G.O.I. to prepare report on the progress of those pilot project areas, especially in organizing co-operative movement. The mandate of the committee also included whether a special type of organization can be formed which would enable the poor tribal people to arrange for financial assistance for taking up business and provide marketing opportunities for their various products. The Committee submitted its proposals before the Agriculture Ministry on 24-01-1973.

Depending on the recommendations of the Bawa Committee that the level of exploitation could be brought down if the tribal people themselves could form a joint co-operative structure. Accordingly, formation of Largesized Multipurpose Co-operative Societies(LAMPS) was conceived as primary co-operative society in the lowest or Block level with an apex co-operative body in the State level which would guide the LAMPS in their day-to-day activities as well as business propositions.

Gradual Changes in the formation of LAMPS :

  1. Population and Mouza
    Organisation of LAMPS started in tribal areas/ITDP Mouzas having a population of at least 10,000 out of which at least 50% are tribal people. The Board of WBTDCC Ltd. in its meeting held on 27.02.2007 changed this policy and decided to organize LAMPS both in ITDP and non-ITDP Mouzas.

  2. For organization of a LAMPS, a minimum of 500 S.T. people, having eligibility to become a member of a Co-operative Society and belonging to 500 different families are required. Presently, this policy has been modified by the Board of WBTDCC Ltd. in the aforesaid meeting. This criterion of 500 S.T. people stands for organization of a LAMPS in plain areas but for hilly areas this number of 500 has been brought down to 300.

  3. Initially if the area of a LAMPS had 70% or more tribal population all members of the Board must belonged to tribal community. Presently, in many of the LAMPS, irrespective of the percentage of tribal population, all elected Directors belong to tribal community.

     List of ST Community
Total Tribal
5296953 (2011)
Outlay out of total
state budget
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